I have almost finished converting my website shivashakti.com to use diacritics. The Devanāgari alphabet using Sanskrit letters like क ल श अ आ and the rest is difficult although it is very logical. So some scholars over the past 120 years or so devised a system to transliterate the 51 letters into Roman script. Still, the original letters are very beautiful, I feel. I’ve managed to do this with the collaboration of a friend of mine. It’s not quite finished yet. ♥
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bhadraṃ karṇebhih – iti śāntih
oṃ laṃ namaste gaṇapataye || 1 ||
tvameva pratyakṣaṃ tattvamasi | tvameva kevalaṃ varta’si | tvameva kevalaṃ dhartā’si | tvameva kevalaṃ hartā’si | tvameva sarvaṃ khalvidaṃ brahmāsu | tvaṃ sākṣādātmā’si || 2 ||
nityamṛtaṃ vacmi | satyaṃ vacmi || 3 ||
ava tvaṃ mām | ava vaktāram | ava śrotāram | ava dātāram | avānūcānamava śiṣyam | ava purastāttāt | ava dakṣiṇāttāt | avapaścāttāt | avottarāttāt | ava cordhvāttāt | avādharāttāt |sarvato māṃ pāhi pāhi samantāt || 4 ||
[gaṇapateh sarvātmatayā stutih]
tvaṃ vāṅmayastvaṃ cinmayah | tvamānandamayastvaṃ brahmayah | tvaṃ saccidānandādvitīyo’si | tvaṃ pratykṣaṃ brahmāsi | tvaṃ jñānamayi vijñānamayo’si || 5 ||
sarvaṃ jagadidaṃ tvatto jāyate | sarvaṃ jagadidaṃ tvattastiṣṭti | sarvaṃ jagadidaṃ tvayi layameṣyati | sarvaṃ jagadidaṃ tvayi pratyeti | tvaṃ bhūmirāpo’nalo’nilo nabhah | tvaṃ catvāri vakparimitā padāni | tvaṃ guṇatrayātīh | tvaṃ dehatrayātih | tvaṃ kālatratātih | tvaṃ mūlādhāre sthito’si nityam | tvaṃ śaktitrayātmakah | tvaṃ yogino dhyāyanti nityam | tvaṃ brahmā tvaṃ viṣṇutvaṃ rudrastvamindrastvamagnistvaṃ vāyustvaṃ sūryastvaṃ candramāstvaṃ brahma bhūrbhuvah suvarom || 6 |
gaṇādīn pūrvamuccārya varṇādiṃ tadanantaram |
anusvārah paratarah ardhendulasitaṃtathā ||
tāreṇ yuktametadeva manusvarūpam || 7 ||gakārah pūrvarūpam | akāro madhyamarūpam | anusvāraścantyarūpam | binduruttararūpam | nādah saṃdhānam | saṃhitā saṃdhih | seṣa gāneśi vidyā || 8 ||
gaṇaka ṛṣih | nṛcadgāyatrī cchandah | śrīmāhagāṇapatirdevatā | oṃ gaṇapataye namah || 9 ||
ekadantāya vidmahe vaktratuṇḍaya dhīmahi | tanno dantih pracodayāt || 10 ||
ekadantaṃ caturhastaṃ pāśaṅkuśadhāriṇim |
abhayaṃ varadaṃ hastairbibhrānaṃ mūṣakadhvajam || 11 ||
raktalambodaraṃ śūrpasukarṇa raktavāsanam |
raktagandhānuliptāṅgaṃ raktapuṣpaih supūjitam || 12 ||
bhaktānukampinaṃ devaṃ jagatkāraṇa macyutam |
āvirbhūtaṃ ca sṛṣṭyādau prakṛteh puruṣāt param || 13 ||
evaṃ dhyāyati yo nityaṃ sa yogī yogināṃ varaḥ || 14 ||
namo vrātapataye gaṇapataye namah pramathapataye namaste’astu lambodarāyaikadantāya vighnavināśine śivasutāya varadamūrtaye namonamah || 15 ||
etadatharvaśiro yo’dhīte sa brahmabhūyāya kalpate | sa sarvatah sukhmedhate | sa sarvavighnairna bādhyate | sa pañcamahāpatakopapātakāt pramcyate | sāyamadhīyāno divasakṛtaṃ pāpaṃ nāśayati | sāyaṃprātah prayuñjāno’pāpo bhavati | dharmārthakāmamokṣaṃ ca vindati || 16 ||
idamatharvaśirṣamaśiṣyāya na deyam | yo yadi mohāddāsyati sa pāpīyān bhavati || 17 ||
sahasrāvartanādyaṃ yaṃ kāmamadhīte taṃ tamanena sādhayet | anena gaṇapatimabhiṣiñcati sa vāgmī bhavati | caturthyāmanaśnan japati sa vidyāvān bhavati | ityatharvaṇavākyaṃ brahmādyācaraṇam vidyānn bibheti kadācaneti | yo dūrvāṅkurairyajati sa vaiśravaṇopamo bhavati | yo lājairyajati ds yaśovān bhavati sa medhāvān bhavati | yo modakasahasreṇa yajati sa vāñcchitaphalamavāpnoti | yah sājyasamibhiryati sa sarvaṃ labhate sa sarvaṃ labhate | aśṭau brāhmaṇān samyaggrāhayitvā sūryvarcasvī bhavati | sūryagrahaṇe mahānadyāṃ pratimāsamnidhau vā japtvā sa siddhamantro bhavati | mahāvighnāt pramucyate | mahādoṣāt pramucyate || 18 ||
sa sarvavidbhavati sa sarvavidbhavi ya evaṃ vedetyupaniṣat || 19 ||
Source: The Śaiva Upaniṣads, edited by A. Mahadeva Sastri, Adyar Library, 1950
OK, you got the press, you got the forme, you got the reglets, you got the type, you got the text. Surely all you do is assemble the type, use the quoins to put it into the forme with bits of wood and that, apply the ink and press, press and press again. No such luck. My first attempt was a disaster.
Quel catastrophe. I learned how to put the letters of the alphabet, all made of a lead alloy, upside down into the instrument of mass journalistic destruction, five lines at a time, separated by lead for the lines and lead as spacers, all beautiful fonts designed by Plantin, Gill and the rest. And came up against a huge dilemma. The fonts are “type high”. That’s a type lie.
Apart from the fact that unless you had a Linotype machine you were condemned to buy more and more fonts, again and again and again, letterpress printing on a small press, at least, is not a matter of pure pressure. As the rollers turned and the form with a page of lead in hit the press, it took hours, days to get the print to print regularly. Basically, you made an impression, and then got little bits of paper to make sure the so-called standard bits of lead delivered the right impression.
My first impression was really not very good at all. I printed an edition of 200 copies and sold them all, but I was very dissatisfied. These days you can buy Khephra Press books at a considerable premium. Even a SOTHiS postcard costs £20. The Wild Ass is £23. One of my better attempts at hand letterpress printing.
Over the next two years, my technique improved but as I was a solo letterpress printer, another problem presented itself to this solo printer. I could not afford the fonts. In those days, in the mid 1970s, you could actually go down to Fleet Street and buy whole trays full of the fonts you needed. But as I had a cash flow probbo at Khephra Press, I swiftly realised there was only one thing I could do. After I had printed two pages, and put them on drying lines, I had to carefully disassemble those carefully made pages in the form with the reglets and that, and start all over again. Then there was the paper that you had to choose carefully – and the pagination. The printed sheets had to dry before you could print and print again. That gave you time to disassemble the forme and start filling the quoin again.
In this way, at the Khephra Press, I think I put together eight or nine books – a labour of love. Or perhaps just a labour.
Being a letterpress printer is being like a top notch bricklayer – every piece has to fit together – if it doesn’t work out right, you have to disassemble the whole lot.
I do not regret one single bit of putting together a book bit by bit. It taught me patience. Although I should have had more sense.
The first book I created was Aleister Crowley’s Leah Sublime. The edition was my first experiment, so much so that I created a second edition which built on the first. Meantimes, David Hall, Jan Bailey and myself were creating a magazine, SOTHiS which is still remembered. And produced using offset litho and then rather modern techniques of printing… and then there was SOGAT, NALGO and the National Union of Journalists (NUJ).
I flogged my books to the bookshops interested in the sort of books I was printing. One of these was The Equinox bookshop, owned by Jimmy Page. The big problem I had – as I hinted before – was that you had to buy all the materials up front and then wait for the bookshops to pay up. This sometimes took some time. The Equinox, once, rather than paying, invited me to take the value of my invoice in books. The Equinox also took multiple copies of SOTHiS magazine and produced editions of occult books. A negative review of one of these books led to the chap running the bookshop cutting out the pages with the negative review before putting them on the shelves for sale.
In this way I managed to get hold of Sir John Woodroffe’s English digest of the Tantrarajatantra. This, I guess, was 1976 or so. I am still struggling to translate the Tantrarajatantra, nearly over 40 years later. It is written in beautiful Sanskrit and I am only any good at ugly Sanskrit.
This text has been, for me, one of the most important in my development. It is a fusion of Indian jyotisha and severely impressive practical spiritual values – it is so shakta that even your dad is a form of the goddess. I’ve explored some of these ideas on www.shivashakti.com. I was still a member of Kenneth Grant’s OTO at the time – but in 1974 I had had a spiritual experience that jolted me so much that my being was yearning towards India.
I am often asked why a technology hack – that’s me – is interested in India. It’s too hard to explain so I fall back on the excuse that my Uncle Mac, in Ballater, used to run the railways in the Bombay Presidency. His house was jam packed with Indian curios. My dad’s Hindustani was more than passable and he told me this story once. When he was in the RAF in India, on sentry duty, a sadhu came walking in his direction. “Halt! Who goes there”. The sadhu explained that this was an ancient track that he and his kind also took, but my dad, with bayonet drawn, refused to let him pass. The sadhu cursed him and said that because he refused to let him pass, his second son would become a sadhu. I haven’t written about Dadaji yet. Life is interesting.
Still, I found the craft of putting books together most interesting and satisfying, if not financially rewarding. I did a great deal of jobbing printing too. Now that a font does not consist of a collection of “type high” alphanumeric characters, you can tote them all around on your iMad or your PC. The fonts I still have require really heavy lifting, a relic of the past dot com. ♦